ISPConfig (http://ispconfig.org) is a very nice control panel for Linux. It does not work well in other Unicies, but is almost seamless with Debian Wheezy (last one I tested). ISPConfig works well with several servers (mail,web, etc…), which you choose at installation time. Our setup uses Apache2, Postfix and Dovecot, which this article is written for.
The installation script will set up your server(s) and, if you agree, set up self-signed certs for your web/smtp/imap/pop servers. This article discusses replacing those certs with certs provided by LetsEncrypt (https://letsencrypt.org).
certbot is a pretty decent little installer, and it knows Apache2. It really helps to use the automated tool until you get a chance to figure out all the ins and outs of LetsEncrypt. However, the installer is a little touchy on Debian systems when it tries to install some packages; if your APT sources have errors, you can have more troubles than you need, so you should verify your system beforehand.
I strongly recommend you set up backports before using the installer, and make sure it is all working well. Run the following two commands, and watch apt-get update closely for any errors. Fix any errors (by removing repositories or fixing them) before proceeding.
echo "deb http://ftp.debian.org/debian wheezy-backports main" > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/backports.list apt-get update
I tend to put optional software in /opt, so we'll create a directory named certbot in /opt, download the installer, then run it.
When you get to the point where it asks which virtual to use, select the virtual with the same name as your actual server.
Also, I chose “simple” on the install type. That allows http and https.
mkdir -p /opt/certbot cd /opt/certbot/ wget https://dl.eff.org/certbot-auto chmod a+x certbot-auto ./certbot-auto
If you get an error, check out this article for one solution.
When you have done the above, certbot will have created a new container for you in /etc/apache2/sites-available. An example of the new vhost container name would be mail.example.com.vhost-le-ssl.conf. Look in that file (/etc/apache2/sites-available/mail.example.com.vhost-le-ssl.conf). Near the bottom, you will see the following lines:
SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/mail.example.com/cert.pem SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/mail.example.com/privkey.pem Include /etc/letsencrypt/options-ssl-apache.conf SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/mail.example.com/chain.pem
These are the lines you should include in your ISPConfig vhost file for the administrative interface. That file is ispconfig.vhost. Open that file (/etc/apache2/sites-available/ispconfig.vhost) and search for the string SSL Configuration. On our machine it looks like:
# SSL Configuration SSLEngine On SSLProtocol All -SSLv2 -SSLv3 SSLCertificateFile /usr/local/ispconfig/interface/ssl/ispserver.crt SSLCertificateKeyFile /usr/local/ispconfig/interface/ssl/ispserver.key #SSLCACertificateFile /usr/local/ispconfig/interface/ssl/ispserver.bundle
Comment out the two certificate file names, and add the information from the certbot install:
# SSL Configuration SSLEngine On SSLProtocol All -SSLv2 -SSLv3 # letsencrypt certbot files 20160925 by me SSLCertificateFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/mail.example.com/cert.pem SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/mail.example.com/privkey.pem Include /etc/letsencrypt/options-ssl-apache.conf SSLCertificateChainFile /etc/letsencrypt/live/mail.example.com/chain.pem # end of letsencrypt certbot files #SSLCertificateFile /usr/local/ispconfig/interface/ssl/ispserver.crt #SSLCertificateKeyFile /usr/local/ispconfig/interface/ssl/ispserver.key #SSLCACertificateFile /usr/local/ispconfig/interface/ssl/ispserver.bundle
certbot is smart enough to know about Debian Apache. Configuration files are created in /etc/apache2/sites-available, then the ones you want to be run are linked (symbolic link) to /etc/apache2/sites-enabled. When certbot created the mail.example.com.vhost-le-ssl.conf vhost file, it linked it to sites-enabled. So, simply remove it.
rm /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/mail.example.com.vhost-le-ssl.conf /etc/init.d/apache2 restart # or, service apache2 restart
You should now be able to access your control panel at http://mail.example.com:8080 with no certificate errors.
Setting up the mail servers is very dependent on how the mail servers were configured. Since this article is on ISPConfig, we'll take the default for them, but the same applies to other mail servers. If you want a quick and dirty, simply use the script below.
The following script works on my installation of ISPConfig. You can simply download this and use it if you are sure the postfix and dovecot certs are in the same place mine are.
Be sure to change server.example.com to be the actual server name your installation used (hint, look in /etc/letsencrypt/live/).
#! /bin/bash SERVERNAME=server.example.com # postfix first mv /etc/postfix/smtpd.cert /etc/postfix/smtpd.cert.save mv /etc/postfix/smtpd.key /etc/postfix/smtpd.key.save ln -s /etc/letsencrypt/live/$SERVERNAME/privkey.pem /etc/postfix/smtpd.key ln -s /etc/letsencrypt/live/$SERVERNAME/fullchain.pem /etc/postfix/smtpd.cert /etc/init.d/postfix restart # now, dovecot mv /etc/dovecot/dovecot.pem /etc/dovecot/dovecot.pem.save mv /etc/dovecot/private/dovecot.pem /etc/dovecot/private/dovecot.pem.save ln -s /etc/letsencrypt/live/$SERVERNAME/fullchain.pem /etc/dovecot/dovecot.pem ln -s /etc/letsencrypt/live/$SERVERNAME/privkey.pem /etc/dovecot/private/dovecot.pem /etc/init.d/dovecot restart
Postfix and Dovecot have the ability to store the certificates in user defined locations. letsencrypt's client created two files:
These need to be linked to the appropriate files for the server you want to use.
If you want to locate the certs for Postfix, look in main.cf, or run the following command:
grep 'smtpd_tls_.*file' /etc/postfix/main.cf | grep -v '^#'
On our system, this returns
smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.cert smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/smtpd.key
Which are the files that need to be replaced. I rename them with a .bak suffix, then simply create a symbolic link to the letsencrypt installed.
For Dovecot, it is the same, though ISPConfig uses the same file name for the key and the cert, but puts the key in the /etc/dovecot/private directory for protection. However.
egrep -r 'ssl_key|ssl_cert' /etc/dovecot/conf.d/10-ssl.conf | grep -v '^#'
Again, on our machine it returns
ssl_cert = </etc/dovecot/dovecot.pem ssl_key = </etc/dovecot/private/dovecot.pem
Which are the files which need to be moved, then created as symbolic links.